Basic Electronic Components Resistor Capacitor


A semi-conductor device used to amplify and switch electronic signals and electrical power. It is composed of semiconductor material with at least three terminals for connection to an external circuit. Voltage or current applied to one pair of the transistor’s terminals changes the current flowing through another pair of terminals. Transistor is the fundamental building block of modern electronic devices. Transistors can amplify a signal. Essential usefulness of a transistor comes from is ability to use a small signal applied between one pair of its terminals to control a much larger signal at another pair of terminals. This property is called gain. Transistor can be used to turn current ON or OFF in a circuit as an electrically controlled switch.

Schematic Diagram and Symbol

pnp       npn       tran11       tran12   tran13       tran14       tran15